Validity and Reliability Study of the Prolonged Grief Disorder- Caregiver Turkish Form

2024 35(1): 46-55
DOI: 10.5080/u27035
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Objective: The aim of this study was to adapt the Prolonged Grief
Disorder – Caregiver Form (PG-12), which is used to measure grief
symptoms of caregivers providing care to their relatives with a chronic
diseases that cause functional disability to Turkish and to investigate its
psychometric properties. We also aimed to investigate the prevalence of
prolonged grief disorder in the caregiver sample.
Method: The sample consisted of 120 adult participants (70.8% female)
who acted as caregivers. The participants were administered Prolonged
Grief Disorder-Caregiver Form, Zarit Caregiver Burden Scale, Beck
Depression Inventory and Life Satisfaction Scale.
Results: The results of confirmatory factor analysis showed that the
single-factor structure of PG-12, consistent with the original form,
was supported. PG-12 scores showed a positive correlation with
depression and caregiver burden scores and a negative correlation with
life satisfaction scores. The internal consistency coefficient of the scale
was 0.85. The prevalence of prolonged grief disorder calculated using
PG-12 was found to be 31.66%.
Conclusion: The results showed that PG-12 is a valid and reliable
tool for assessing the grief symptoms of people who provides care for a
relative. In addition, the prevalence of prolonged grief disorder in our
study population was high. Additional studies are needed in Turkey to
confirm this rate and develop new strategies for caregivers.
Keywords: Prolonged Grief Disorder, Caregiver, Anticipatory Grief,
Validity, Reliability