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A COLLABORATIVE, INTEGRATIVE MENTAL HEALTH APPROACH: “THE STEPPED CARE MODEL

Saliha HALLAÇ, Burhanettin KAYA
2022 33(4): 293-294
DOI: 10.5080/u27236
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İNGİLİZCE ÖZET

Dear Editor,
In this paper, it is aimed to raise awareness about the stepped
care model as an approach in the organization of mental
health services related to the protection, development, care
and treatment of mental health. Concerning mental health,
World Health Organization emphasizes that “Mental Health
is more than mental disorders. It is a state of well-being that
includes using one’s own abilities, self-realization, coping
with the stresses in the natural flow of life, learning to be well
and trying to heal, working efficiently and contributing to
the society in which they live.” (World Health Organization
2022a). It has been reported that the disease burden of common
mental disorders (depression, anxiety, post-traumatic stress
disorder, psychoactive substance use disorders, suicide, etc.)
is gradually increasing (World Health Organization 2021).
Especially in the last century, the importance and seriousness
of endemic and pandemic events (HIV, SARS virus, and still
continuing Covid-19, etc.) or non-communicable diseases
(cancer, heart diseases, diabetes, etc.), climate changes,
economic, socio-political dynamics and wars are noteworthy
as a predisposition and/or precipitating factors in terms of
mental health (World Health Organization 2022a, World
Health Organization 2022b). Protection and improvement of
mental health, together with individual, social, and structural
mental health determinants, predict interventions that reduce
risks, increase resilience, and create a supportive environment
for mental health. These interventions are recommended
to be designed individually, in a way to be disseminated to
special groups across the community. Globally, one person
dies by suicide every 40 seconds, and more than 18 million
health workers are needed in terms of human resources