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The Effect of the New Type Coronavirus Outbreak on Quality of Life and Suicidal Thoughts in Psychiatric Patients

Muhammed Hakan AKSU, Bahadır GENİŞ, Çiğdem GENİŞ, Behcet COŞAR
2022 33(3): 149-157
DOI: 10.5080/u26525
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İNGİLİZCE ÖZET

Objective: The aim of this study is to investigate the effect of perceptions
on the COVID-19 pandemic on the quality of life and suicidal ideation
in both healthy controls and individuals with psychiatric disorders.
Method: The study was conducted on 4 different groups with 83
depressive disorders, 90 anxiety disorders and 61 schizophrenia
patients who have been followed in Gazi University Medical Faculty
Hospital Mental Health and Diseases outpatient clinic since before
the COVID-19 pandemic period and another group of 93 healthy
volunteers. Participants were evaluated with Sociodemographic Data
Form, Suicide Probability Scale (SPS), SF-36 Quality of Life Scale (SF-
36), Perception of COVID-19 Scale (P-COVID-19), and Perception of
Causes of COVID-19 Scale (PCa-COVID-19).
Results: The perception on the danger and contaigiousness of
P-COVID-19 scored lowest in the schizophrenia group, compared
to other groups and PCa-COVID-19’s Conspiracy and Belief subdimension
scores were highest. In all groups, a significant negative
correlation was found between the P-COVID-19’s dangerousness subdimension
score and the SF-36 scale’s Mental Health sub-dimension.
Again, in all groups, significant positive correlations were found
between the Dangerousness sub-dimension score of P-COVID-19 and
the anger/impulsivity, hopelessness/loneliness and suicidal thoughts
sub-dimensions of the SPS.
Conclusion: The negative effects of perceptions associated with
COVID-19 on mental health were observed both in groups with
a psychiatric disorder and in healthy controls. The higher number
of participants and longitudinal research will provide a better
understanding of the effects of perceptions associated with COVID-19
and will guide the necessary treatment interventions.
Keywords: COVID-19, mental health, pandemic, suicide, quality of
life