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Relationship Between Sleep Disorders and Attention Deficit- Hyperactivity Disorder Symptoms in University Students

Elçin ÖZÇELİK EROĞLU, Demet SAĞLAM AYKUT, Sevilay KARAHAN, Başaran DEMİR
2022 33(2): 90-96
DOI: 10.5080/u25503
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İNGİLİZCE ÖZET

Objective: Sleep disorders increase the symptoms of attention deficit
hyperactivity disorder (ADHD). The aim of this study was to investigate
whether or not sleep related problems give rise to symptoms of attention
deficit and hyperactivity-impulsivity in university students.
Methods: The 252 university students between the ages of 18-25 years
included in the study were assessed on the Pittsburgh Sleep Quality
Index (PSQI), the Adult Attention-Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder
Scale, the Beck Depression Inventory (BDI) and the Beck Anxiety
Inventory (BAI).
Results: The participants of the study comprised 38.5% males and
61.5% females with a mean age of 22.39 (±1.93) years. The mean
score data were 5.78 (± 2.72) on the PSQI, 41.77 (± 20.38) on the
Adult Attention-Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder Scale, 8.53 (± 6.97) on
the BDI and 9.05 (± 7.92) on the BAI. The total score and the scores
on the attention-deficit and the general problems subsections of the
Adult Attention-Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder Scale were significantly
higher in participants with poor sleep quality (P<0.001). The PSQI and
the Adult Attention-Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder Scale scores were
significantly above the cut-off values in the participants with depression
and anxiety symptoms as compared to those without these symptoms
(P<0.001). The PSQI total score positively correlated with the Adult
Attention-Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder Scale total score (P<0.001).
Conclusion: University students with sleep disorder have more ADHD
symptoms and poor quality of sleep increase ADHD sypmtoms.
Therefore it’s important to evaluate quality of sleep in young people
suffering from attention problems in terms of treatment approaches and
interventions.
Keywords: Attention deficit-hyperactivity disorder, sleep disorder, sleep
quality