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The Relationship Between Peritraumatic Dissociation and Anxiety Level, Perceived Stress, Anxiety Sensitivity and Coping with Earthquake Stress in Post-Earthquake Acute Stress Disorder Patients

Kerim UĞUR, Fatma KARTAL, Burak METE, Lut TAMAM, Mehmet Emin DEMİRKOL
2021 32(4): 253-260
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Objective: The present study aims to determine the effects of anxiety
sensitivity, anxiety level, perceived stress and coping strategies on
peritraumatic dissociation in post-earthquake acute stress disorder
(ASD) patients.
Method: Sociodemographic data form, Beck Anxiety Index (BAI),
Perceived Stress Scale (PSS), Anxiety Sensitivity Index-3 (ASI-3),
Coping with Earthquake Stress Scale, and Peritraumatic Dissociation
Scale (PDEQ) were applied to 477 patients diagnosed with ASD.
Results: Anxiety sensitivity cognitive sub-dimension explained 31.5%,
anxiety explained 7%, and perceived stress explained 1% of the
variation in peritraumatic dissolution development. A moderate positive
correlation was determined between peritraumatic dissolution and
anxiety, a weak positive correlation was found between peritraumatic
dissolution and perceived stress, a weak positive correlation was
determined between peritraumatic dissolution and positive thinking,
and a very weak negative correlation was determined between
peritraumatic dissolution and seeking social support. A moderate
positive correlation was determined between peritraumatic dissolution
and physical, cognitive and social sub-dimensions of anxiety sensitivity.
Conclusion: The most important finding in the study was the fact
that the highest contribution to the development of peritraumatic
dissolution was by the cognitive sub-dimension of anxiety sensitivity.
It could be suggested that individuals with high anxiety sensitivity may
experience higher peritraumatic dissolution and these individuals could
have a higher risk of PTSD later on.